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HTML Styles – CSS

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HTML Styles – CSS

Styling HTML with CSS

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets.

CSS describes how HTML elements are to be displayed on screen, paper, or in other media.

CSS saves a lot of work. It can control the layout of multiple web pages all at once.

CSS can be added to HTML elements in 3 ways:

  • Inline – by using the style attribute in HTML elements
  • Internal – by using a <style> element in the <head> section
  • External – by using an external CSS file

The most common way to add CSS, is to keep the styles in separate CSS files. However, here we will use inline and internal styling, because this is easier to demonstrate, and easier for you to try it yourself.

Tip: You can learn much more about CSS in our CSS Tutorial.

nline CSS

An inline CSS is used to apply a unique style to a single HTML element.

An inline CSS uses the style attribute of an HTML element.

This example sets the text color of the <h1> element to blue:

Example

<h1 style=”color:blue;”>This is a Blue Heading</h1>

Internal CSS

An internal CSS is used to define a style for a single HTML page.

An internal CSS is defined in the <head> section of an HTML page, within a <style> element:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
body {background-color: powderblue;}
h1   {color: blue;}
p    {color: red;}
</style>
</head>
<body><h1>This is a heading</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p></body>
</html>

CSS Fonts

The CSS color property defines the text color to be used.

The CSS font-family property defines the font to be used.

The CSS font-size property defines the text size to be used.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
h1 {
color: blue;
font-family: verdana;
font-size: 300%;
}
p  {
color: red;
font-family: courier;
font-size: 160%;
}
</style>
</head>
<body><h1>This is a heading</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p></body>
</html>

You can read more about file paths in the chapter HTML File Paths.

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